Showing posts with label Health. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Health. Show all posts

How to Keep our Memory to Work until 90 Years old? - Part 2

Sunday, November 10, 2019
Walking or jogging, simple exercises

At previous post (How to Keep our Memory to Work until Age 90? - Part 1 | Tanza Erlambang Update), we talked little bit about role of diets (fish and green vegetable) to maintain our memory until age 90s.

We discuss about other topics in this post, they are:
- exercises
- friendships
- blood pressure control
- sleeping enough and well
- stress management
- learning a lot

Exercises such as walking 10,000 steps everyday will spur brain cells to grow. In addition, body movement known to maintain healthy brain and improve our physical conditions.

Friendship, just for illustration (credit to tribunnews)

Good friendships enduce a “specific molecule” called as “Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor” (BDNF) which function to repair and create new connection of brain cells. Hence, it will increase memory to work efficient.

Blood pressure relate to increase the risk of many diseases including to get brain suffer or loss memory in older age. It is important to maintain our blood pressure at normal level.

Sleep well will produce hormone to keep brain healthy and processes well. Deep sleep also clean brain waste called as beta amyloid.

Aggregation of beta amyloid in the brain may block neural communications, then lead to Alzheimer diseases.

Managing stress is important to maintain cognitive and mental health. It is said that stress contributed to decline cognitive performance after age 70s.

Finally, learning new skills such as writing classes could improve the memory up to age 90s or even more. 

How to Keep our Memory to Work until Age 90? - Part 1

Sunday, November 3, 2019
Fish as sources of DHA

It was believed memory will decline over time, but new research found that our memory could work well until we reach age 90 years old.

We may maintain our brain health by doing certain activities or behavior lead to good brain in keeping memory from “deteriorate” due to diseases and aging.

Several good things to do are:
- consume reasonable good diets
- moving a lot, even in small steps
- making strong and quality friendships
- manage blood pressure
- sleep well and enough
- manage stress
- acquire new skills

In term of goods diet, two of them are green vegetable and fish. Who eats green vegetable everyday have learning ability younger (like young people) than who didn’t. 

Green vegetable for illustration

It is because pigment called Lutein from green vegetable could boost memory. Eating green every day maintains memory for lifetime.

Many green vegetables are source of Lutein, some of them includes: collard green, turnip green, kale, spinach and broccoli.

Fish known for omega-3 fatty acid (DHA) to improve thinking strength and efficiently. Then, brain is easy to solve difficult tasks.

All fish contains DHA, but there are several fish species have higher DHA contents such as herring, salmon, mackerel, sardines and anchovies.

Eating fish every day or at least two times a week will benefit not only to brain, but also to heart.

# To be continued to Part - 2

Could Drink Coffee Regularly Avoid You from Heart Diseases? - Heart 8

Friday, November 1, 2019
A cup of black coffee for illustration

All of us might taste coffee at least few times in our lives, but who drinks a cup or more of coffee daily may not know the advantages of this beverage.

It seems most of us aware the negative effect of caffeine content in coffee. In great amount, let’s say more than 600 mg or 6 cup per day, caffeine causes:

- higher rate heart beats
- inability to sleep (insomnia)
- anxiety
- stomach upset
- urination frequently
- nervousness
- higher blood pressure

However, in addition to joyful, there are plenty of benefits to drink coffee at proper or moderate intake every day. 

Cafe du Monde, a famous and oldest coffee shop in New Orleans

I just found from internet, the source mentioned about many positive effects of coffee, few are:
- lower risk Parkinson’s diseases
- protecting from type 2 diabetes
- lowe risk liver diseases (cancers)
- decrease depression
- increase cognitive ability

In respect to heart, drinking coffee daily may link to lower risk of:
- stroke (disturbance of blood vessels connects to brain)
- coronary artery diseases (heart diseases)
- heart failure

Many young healthy Americans consider coffee as one of good diets now days. It is might be the reason why we found coffee shops at any corners.

Those who face with negative effects, deem “De-caffeine” coffee as healthy diet as well.

How about you? Do you drink coffee regularly? If so, how many cups of coffee you drink per day?

How many Countries Include in Live Longer Zones?

Monday, August 5, 2019
Expo park, Okinawa, Japan

First, you might know the term of “blue zone.” Yes, it is referring to areas where people live longer than other places in the world.

People may reach 100 years old or more in those areas due to two main factors:
- life style contributes to 70% of live longer
- genetic contributes to 30% only.

Initially, Dan Buettner suggested 5 places as “Blue Zones.” They are:
- Okinawa, Japan
- Sardinia, Italy
- Nicoya, Costa Rica
- Ikaria, Greece
- Loma Linda, California, USA

Beautiful view of Sardinia, Italy

Of lifestyle, some traits that make people live longer are:
- physical activities
- diet
- spiritual
- family and social networks 

One of street in Nicoya, Costa Rica

Blue zone population have regular physical activities to keep their weight. Please don’t think that they are doing exercises like what we do.

Several physical activities and calories burning are:
- mowing lawn, burning 400 calories
- laying tile, 240 calories
- spreading dirt, 270 calories
- shovel snow, 580 calories
- roofing, 340 calories
- rake leaves, 380 calories 

Ikaria island, Greece

You might guess the diet of blue zones population. Yes, they are consuming less:
- meat
- dairy products
- sugary foods
- alcohol
- smoking

Almost 95% of their consumption are:
- vegetables
- fruit
- grains
- legumes

Loma Linda, California, USA

Blue zone community is more religious compared to other areas. It is proved that people “pay attention to spiritual” activities less of:
- heart diseases
- depression
- stress

The important trait that make blue zone people live longer is “family and social networks.” Family and friends encourage each other to live well until old age.

Is your country include in “blue zone?” or have you visited one of “blue zone” countries? 

Why Walking Regularly Make You Live Longer?

Saturday, August 3, 2019
Walking, just for illustration

We all understand that any movement of our body may benefit to our health. Many people choose walking as a form of exercise due to:
- easy
- gentle
- low impact
- free, just require a pair of shoes
- perfect for all ages: senior, young adult and teenagers

The question then Is it true that Walking Regularly Make You Live Longer? Why?

The answer is “yes” that walking regularly make our live longer. It is because walking let’s say 30 minutes per-day will improve our heart health. 

Walking on lake side

Heart diseases is “leading cause of death” in the world and USA. Disease caused 15.2 million death in the world and 735,000 in the USA per year.

Walking with speed of 2 mile per hour (mph) may reduce the cardiovascular risk, thus reduce risk of death. 

Illustration for walking (credit to Google)

Cardiac risk factors will be improved by walking. The risk factors include:
- Cholesterol
- blood pressure
- diabetes
- obesity
- mental stress

Moreover, walking has a lot of other health benefits, some are:
- improve nervous system
- decrease hostility
- boosting moods
- reduce belly fat
- improve digestive system
- boost immunity
- sleep better

By the way, do you walk regularly? If so, how often: per day or per week?

Why Medical Students Need Specific Social Media? - Part 2

Wednesday, July 10, 2019
Illustration of puncture wounded

First part of this post may be seen at: “Why Medical Students Need Specific Social Media? - Part 1

Host and co-host discuss about the content of “Figure 1 app.” The feel that the content so gruesome and gross for common people to see the website.

The guest, John Herrman comments that “Figure 1 app” is one of 100 list of things he regrets to see in internet, unfortunate the site to be popular right now.

John Herrman feel strange of Doctors make a joke about punctured by a nail and how the patient nailed it.

It is not wrong, but just so strange to see (the picture) and to talk about it.
Then, the host interviewed Lauren, his friend who is a first year resident in an emergency room.

Lauren and her friends do use “Figure 1 app.” It’s really popular, particularly among medical students.

But, Lauren think the images are worst, gross and horrible. Lauren said, for her, “Figure 1 app” was not a useful educational tool.

She just see the images when kind of boring with other things. It is least tangentially related to medicine.

Illustration for gangrene (credit to Google)

However, one medical student, Nick DeVito is a third-year resident at Tufts Medical Center working toward a career in hematology and oncology has own opinion.

He favors to particularly beautiful photos of growths, gashes, and gangrene from Figure 1 app (Popper, 2015).

Illustration of skin layers (credit to Google)

Many other student thinks that a picture is worth, it is because the image is sharing and connect with everyone.

In addition, Doctors would post images along with a description of the patient and the condition.


Popper, B. 2015. I'm addicted to the gruesome and beautiful photographs on Figure 1, an Instagram for doctors. The Verge. Retrieved from

Why “Blue Blood” is Cost for US$ 60 Thousand per Gallon?

Thursday, July 4, 2019
Horseshoe crabs on the beach (credit to Google)

What? “Blue blood?” Expensive? I am quite surprising when reading an article about price of blue blood of a horseshoe crab, a primitive marine creature.

When I was a little kid, I found these creatures on the beach while low tide. The horseshoe crabs are older than dinosaurs in term of evolutionary time.

They were appearing about more than 200 million years ago, thus categorized as “living fossil.”

In the USA, if we lucky enough, we may spot this living fossil along the coastline of Maine to Florida to Texas and then to Mexico in the summer season.

The scientific name for American horseshoe crab is Limulus polypemus. Other three species are found in tropical Indo-Pacific, mainly in South East Asia countries:

- Tachypleus gigas
- Tachypleus tridentatus
- Carcinoscorpius rotundicauda

Blue blood was taken by bleeding horseshoe crabs (credit to Google)

Based on scientific name, horseshoe crab is not really crab. Close to spider and scorpion than to crab.

Why their blood color are blue? To carry oxygen in the blood, horseshoe crabs use hemocyanin, and hemocyanin contains copper to cause blood to be blue.

As comparison that mammals use hemoglobin to carry oxygen in their blood. Hemoglobin contains iron which make red color of blood.

Male on the top of female when they are breeding (credit to Google)

Price tag is US$ 60 thousands equal to Euro 53 thousand or US$ 16,000 per liter. So expensive.

It is because highly demand of horseshoe crabs blood by pharmaceutical companies. The companies catch the living fossil, and brought to lab to drain up the animal blood.

Around 30% of animals blood are taken, then released back to ocean. List of companies collect the blue blood are:

- Associates of Cape Cod
- Wako Chemical
- Lonza
- Charles River Endosafe
- Limuli Labs

Blue blood is extracted for Limulus Amebocyte Lysate (LAL). The LAL then applied to detect virus, bacteria and toxin in the substances.

Have you seen horseshoe crab on the beach?

Why Medical Students Need Specific Social Media? - Part 1

Monday, July 1, 2019
First aid for gun shot wounded, illustration only (credit to Google)

There is social media called as “Figure 1,” a kind of Instagram for Doctors. “Figure 1 app” was developed by a physician and associates.

Their names are Dr. Joshua Landy, Richard Penner and Gregory Levey from Canada, then spread all over the world.

It is believed that more than one million viewers have accessed to the website, they are include, but not limited to:

- medical doctors
- students of medical school
- nurses and nurse students
- health professionals or health technicians
- other related professionals

A Surgery room (credit to Google)

Doctors may take any pictures of their patients that their think exciting or unusual such as a gun shot wounded.

Before posting the pictures, Doctors need approval from their patients. An agreement between doctors and their patients just by touching built in screen.

After permission of patients, the photos to be legal. Then, Doctors allowed to post in “Figure 1 app.”

Other doctors from around the globe examined the pictures, made comments and favorites its.

However, the name and face of patients cannot be shown in the social media.

By the way, just to let you know that this article is based on Podcast (Please see: #2 The Secret, Gruesome Internet for Doctors).

The Podcast tried to discuss about “Figure 1 app” and its impact to daily life, include medical field.

The podcast hosted by PJ Vogt and cohost Alex Goldman. They have some guests that are John Herrman and Lauren.

# This article will be continued. See you in the following post (part 2).