A Hiker Gave Water to a Thirsty Wild Snake

Friday, March 20, 2020
A thirsty wild snake drinks water (credit to Newsflare)

When I was kid, I often saw a long small snake with green color either nearby or climbing coconut trees. Our family owned coconut and palm plantations.

As far as I remember, I never noticed that snakes drink water. I knew they catches mice and frogs.

Just recently, a hiker found a thirsty snake in drought palm areas, Thailand. Then, he gave water from a bottle. Look like the reptile drank joyfully. The touching moment.

The scientific name for snake is Gonyosoma oxycephalum with some common names:
- the red-tailed green ratsnake
- the red-tailed racer
- the arboreal ratsnake
- red-tailed Ratsnake
- red-tailed Green Climbing Ratsnake

The red-tailed green ratsnake as a pet (credit to Tumblr)

The habitat of red-tailed green ratsnake is South East Asian Countries such as:
- Laos
- Malaysia
- Indonesia
- Thailand
- Vietnam
- Philippines
- Myanmar
- Cambodia

This kind of snake is sold in pet shops both in America and European countries in recent years.

The snake is not dangerous and not aggressive, thus become popular as a pet in American households.

Have you seen this kind of snake in nature or pet shop?

Older, Men and Preexisting conditions are Vulnerable to Covid-19 – Virus 3

Monday, March 16, 2020
Graph 1. The older, the weaker.

The interesting facts that the most vulnerable groups to Coronavirus (Covid-19) are older, men and people with preexisting conditions.

In term of ages, the most vulnerable is 80 years old or more. Let’s say that from 100 death cases, almost 15 dead are 80 years old. However, all kids with age of 0 to 9 years old are survive.

The question then Why?

We might “guess” the answer is that immune system is weaker over age. The few facts:
- older has few white blood cells, and less capable to fight new pathogen such as mutant Covid-19.
- virus may damage white cells and immune system, then invites other pathogens. These conditions could cause illness, and death.

 Graph 2. Men more vulnerable than women

Men died more than women due to Covid-19 as shown on Graph 2. This fact not only to Covid-19, but also to SARS (China, 2003) and MERS (Saudi Arabia, 2012).

There are two possible answers why women are stronger than men to fight virus:
- women hormones support the stronger immune system
- environmental factors such as men are smoker than women; and men limit their practice to hygiene life such as not washing their hands frequently.

Graph 3. Chronic diseases contributed to dead of Covid-19 patients

The answer why people with preexisting conditions vulnerable to Covid-19 is quite similar to older condition in which their immune system is weaker.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) patients are target for respiratory infection pathogen such as Covid-19.

Finally, in my opinion that it is important to stay healthy to fight any diseases!

Why We Should Not Control the Future?

Saturday, March 14, 2020
A Photo for Illustration only

Every people lived, living and will live in 3 different moments:
- past
- present
- future

Whatever we did, we can not erase it. The past may good or bad, and it could help our today and future live.

We are living right now should focus on the most relevant to us such as education, working, health and friendship.

We wish we could control our current living, unfortunately, we are not in completely charge of daily life. We face with fail and regret in many times.

How about with future? Why We Should Not Control the Future? The futures have some characteristics that are:

- unknown
- uncertain
- unsure outcomes
- unforeseen events

To control the future could results in disappoint, misery, fearful, no hope and worry. Thus, some experts suggest to enjoy of our life right now. We just able to plan our future with hope of good outcomes.

Are you happy with your current life?

Have you Seen Bizarre Looking Birds Called Sage Grouse?

Wednesday, March 11, 2020
Sage Grouse Male (credit to Sierra Club)

When I posted a strange animal called as a three-toed Sloth, all of us never saw it in nature. Please re-visit previous post: Have You Ever Seen a three-toed Sloth in the Nature? | Tanza Erlambang Update

Here, we talk about another odd animal, Sage Grouse. As of above photo is male of sage grouse.

The strange and interesting that a male attracts females by popping sound produced from very big air sacs which locate in his front chest.

Many females will choose the most dominant male with sizes (weight and lengths) twice more than their own.

The normal weight for males are 5.5 pounds (2.5 kg) and 3 pound (1.4 kg) for females. The length size is 28 inches (71 cm) for male and 21 inches (53 cm) for female sage grouses. 

A male with a female (credit to Utah Public Radio)

Sage grouse birds occupy shrub-land across North America and Canada. In America, the birds could be found in:

- California
- Nevada
- Idaho
- Montana
- Washington
- Oregon
- Wyoming
- Colorado
- Utah
- South Dakota
- North Dakota

Two species of birds cover about 190 million acres of American 11 states and two Canadian provinces:
- Greater sage grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus)
- Gunnison sage grouse (Centrocercus minimus).

Unfortunately that population of both species are decreasing in nature. Greater sage grouse is included as near threatened species.

The number of Gunnison sage grouse is extremely low, around 1,700 birds left only in natures, thus categorized as endangered, brink of extinction species.

Finally, have you seen bizarre looking birds called Sage Grouse in nature or in zoo?

Is there Affordable Kit to Detect Corona Virus? - Virus 2

Saturday, March 7, 2020
We talked about infected Corona virus from Wuhan, China: 

Illustration of aset kit to test Wuhan Corona virus
(credit to LabPulse)

Wuhan Corona virus also called as COVID-19 infected more than 100,000 people and caused at least 3,000 dead recently.

The problems are from spreading the diseases to testing the infection to finding the cure for diseases.

Availability of testing “machines” are limited, found only in certain facilities such as research centers, big hospitals or federal agencies.

The testing tool called as a PCR machine, cost from US$ 4,900 to US$ 90,000. It is said that price for US$ 15,000 is good enough.

The test is based on concept of Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to detect genetic material, RNA in the virus. The results may be known after 1 to 3 days.

Corona virus, Covid 19 (credit to Texas DSHS).

The good news that a company, Co-Diagnostic Inc in Utah, USA invented new technology which is cheaper and easier to be applied to detect the present of Corona virus infection.

The company called its product as Logix Smart COVID-19 test kit,” based on concepts of PCR, Artificial Intelligence (AI) and a mathematical algorithm.

The specimens for testing are taken from:
- upper respiratory tract such as nasopharyngeal fluids and nasal swab
- lower respiratory tract such as sputum, tracheal aspirate and bronchoalveolar lavage
- Serum from who has been suspected

Cost for Logix Smart COVID-19 test kit is US$700 per 100 test. It is mean that 1 test for detecting COVID-19 is US$ 7 only. The result will be known in 90 minutes.

In conclusion that Logix Smart COVID-19 test kit is very much cheaper and quicker compared to existent tests.

Italy and Germany have used this test kit successfully, hope, it will be distributed to all over the world soon.

# Yes, we need PCR machine with Logix Smart COVID-19 test kit:
- Other test kits could cost more than U$$100 and even thousands (based on several news resources) and take longer to know the results

Walking to Encircle the City Lakes at the Weekend

Thursday, March 5, 2020
People walking by side the lake

As previous posts, we were walking under the trees nearby park and garden about 35 minutes at least 3 times a week:

We changed the route, tried to a new spot that is to encircle the lakes at the last weekend. The lakes about 45 minutes by driving from our house.

We found babies to seniors and residents pedaling to jogging around the lake’s edges. It is spring likely with temperature F 63 (C 17) degree. Comfortable temperature for residents.

The 4 lakes are called “campus lakes” or university lakes which administrated by City Park and Recreation. 

Houses in one side of the lake

The sizes are varied from small like a pond to medium size lakes for small city with 250.000 population.

Ducks swim circle to the big tress

Wind stir over the lake, and we watched a couple of ducks. In some seasons or from fall to winter, we might watch pink flamingos and white pelicans.

Two migrant birds to avoid freeze northern part of America. They feast on abundance of lake fish. 

One of lake interesting sides

Walking besides lake more interesting than under the trees in isolated areas in terms of “crowd.” I do not know which one is better or healthier.

What I understand that walking or jogging regularly are good for health.

How many are the lakes in your city? 

Wallace's Flying Frog of South East Asian Countries

Monday, March 2, 2020
The Wallace flying frog (Credit to Pinterest)

I caught flying small reptiles (lizards and chameleons) when I was kid. I curious whether they are the same as normal or other harmless reptiles.

I never saw flying frogs in nature, I just know from reading that it is because they are mainly living in the trees, especially in the jungle or dense South East Asian rain forest. No chance to approach them

We have understood that about 3,400 kinds of frogs in the nature, of these, 3 genus are flying amphibians:
- Rhacophorus
- Ecnomiophyla
- Polupedates

Two photos of this post are green flying frog from Malaysia (Malay peninsula) and Indonesia (Sumatra, Borneo and western part islands). 

Two flying frogs (Credit to Pinterest)

Parachute and gliding flight amphibian are other name of flying frogs. The British biologist, Alfred Russel Wallace identified and described this amphibian.

Wallace then gave scientific name Rhacophorus nigropalmatus. But, well known as Wallace's flying frog worldwide.

Yes, the green frog lives in the trees (middle canopy), and able to fly from tree to tree. However, they come down to find mates and lay their eggs.

In addition to Malaysia and Indonesia, other South East Asian countries have this kind of frogs are:
- Thailand
- Laos
- Vietnam

Actually, we have found more than 40 species of genus Rhacophorus. Some recent identified and described members are:

Have known about this or any flying frogs?