Is it Norm to Hire Underage Workers in Developing Countries? - part 2

Friday, November 8, 2019
kids workers in a developing country (credit to Google)

We discussed the first part of child labors at previous post (Is it Norm to Hire Underage Workers in Developing Countries? - part 1).

Then, we continue with “pros and cons,” where the school dropout teenagers lead to street prostitution, drug abuse and gang crime.

On the other hand, the working teenagers may also increase family income who live in severe poverty.

Thus, it is ethical decision to have underage employees in some points. The decision is supported by local authority, and norm for society.

Due to high rate of unemployment, poverty and teenager’s crime, it is ethical decision to accept underage employee.

However, in normal situation that Apple should follow the rule to reject underage employees. 


Kids should go to school (credit to Google)

Let’s give the opportunity for teenagers to complete their formal education, and to acquire specific skill to pursue their career in life. In many cases, underage employee receives unfair salary and child abuse treatments.

The company always face with dilemma in many cases, especially when opens the new production factories in developing countries.

If the company follow the rules (international law), it found the worse for society wellbeing. If company breaks the law, not mean will be better and improve the situation.

In respect to underage employees, yes, company could alleviate the income of poverty families who live surround or nearby.

However, the teenagers have no opportunity to improve their skill and knowledge if they work at full time. 

Is there Relationship between Coffee and Type 2 Diabetes? - Diabetes 10

Wednesday, November 6, 2019
Figure - 1. Relationship between Coffee and diabetes 
(credit to Phys.org)

At previous post, we discussed about benefit of drink coffee to avoid hearth diseases (Could Drink Coffee Regularly Avoid You from Heart Diseases? - Heart 8 | Tanza Erlambang Update).

Then, Is there Relationship between Coffee and Type 2 Diabetes? Yes, its because in addition to caffeine, coffee contains ingredients to lower diabetes rates.

The ingredients include:
- Magnesium, a mineral to lower risk of diabetes
- Cromium, a mineral to lower blood sugar and improve the insulin
- Polyphenols, an antioxidant to prevent type 2 diabetes

We could see of below Figure -2, where as we drink cups of coffee more, the reducing diabetes risk is more too.

Hence, more drink, less the chance to get diabetes. But there is the limit, drink 6 cups of coffee more will have negative effect on our health.



Fig - 2. Coffee and reduce risk of diabetes (credit to Ding, 2014)

For those who have diabetes, drink two cups of coffee daily associates with stability of blood glucose level and insulin sensitivity.

We may say that people with diabetes have advantage to drink coffee. Contrary, people without diabetes could increase the risk to get diseases without drink coffee at all.

Both caffeine and decaffeinate have the same positive effects on lower risk to get type 2 diabetes.

However, some researches show that no clear cut relationship between coffee and lower risk diabetes to certain group of people such as:
- obese people
- gender effects

Thus, further researches needed to be conducted. 

You may like to read:

1) - What is Type 2 Diabetes? - Diabetes 1 | Tanza Erlambang Update


2) - What is the Relationship between Eggs and Diabetes? - Diabetes 2 | Tanza Erlambang Update


3) - Why Pancreas of Type 2 Diabetic Persons Produce Less Insulin? - Diabetes 3 | Tanza Erlambang Update


4) - Could Medicines Affect on Pancreas to Produce Insulin? - Diabetes 4 | Tanza Erlambang Update


5) - Effect of Metabolic on Beta Cells in the Pancreas - Diabetes 5 | Tanza Erlambang Update


6) - How Lipotoxicity Relate to Diabetes? - Diabetes 6 | Tanza Erlambang Update


7) - What is Hypoxia and How Its Relates to Diabetes? - Diabetes 7 | Tanza Erlambang Update


8) - Can Abnormal Blood Sugar Lead to Seizure? - Diabetes 8 | Tanza Erlambang Update


9) - Can Diabetic Ketone-acidosis Lead to Death? - Diabetes 9 | Tanza Erlambang Update

How to Keep our Memory to Work until Age 90? - Part 1

Sunday, November 3, 2019
Fish as sources of DHA

It was believed memory will decline over time, but new research found that our memory could work well until we reach age 90 years old.

We may maintain our brain health by doing certain activities or behavior lead to good brain in keeping memory from “deteriorate” due to diseases and aging.

Several good things to do are:
- consume reasonable good diets
- moving a lot, even in small steps
- making strong and quality friendships
- manage blood pressure
- sleep well and enough
- manage stress
- acquire new skills

In term of goods diet, two of them are green vegetable and fish. Who eats green vegetable everyday have learning ability younger (like young people) than who didn’t. 


Green vegetable for illustration

It is because pigment called Lutein from green vegetable could boost memory. Eating green every day maintains memory for lifetime.

Many green vegetables are source of Lutein, some of them includes: collard green, turnip green, kale, spinach and broccoli.

Fish known for omega-3 fatty acid (DHA) to improve thinking strength and efficiently. Then, brain is easy to solve difficult tasks.

All fish contains DHA, but there are several fish species have higher DHA contents such as herring, salmon, mackerel, sardines and anchovies.

Eating fish every day or at least two times a week will benefit not only to brain, but also to heart.


# To be continued to Part - 2

Could Drink Coffee Regularly Avoid You from Heart Diseases? - Heart 8

Friday, November 1, 2019
A cup of black coffee for illustration

All of us might taste coffee at least few times in our lives, but who drinks a cup or more of coffee daily may not know the advantages of this beverage.

It seems most of us aware the negative effect of caffeine content in coffee. In great amount, let’s say more than 600 mg or 6 cup per day, caffeine causes:

- higher rate heart beats
- inability to sleep (insomnia)
- anxiety
- stomach upset
- urination frequently
- nervousness
- higher blood pressure

However, in addition to joyful, there are plenty of benefits to drink coffee at proper or moderate intake every day. 



Cafe du Monde, a famous and oldest coffee shop in New Orleans

I just found from internet, the source mentioned about many positive effects of coffee, few are:
- lower risk Parkinson’s diseases
- protecting from type 2 diabetes
- lowe risk liver diseases (cancers)
- decrease depression
- increase cognitive ability

In respect to heart, drinking coffee daily may link to lower risk of:
- stroke (disturbance of blood vessels connects to brain)
- coronary artery diseases (heart diseases)
- heart failure

Many young healthy Americans consider coffee as one of good diets now days. It is might be the reason why we found coffee shops at any corners.

Those who face with negative effects, deem “De-caffeine” coffee as healthy diet as well.


How about you? Do you drink coffee regularly? If so, how many cups of coffee you drink per day?

Can Diabetic Ketone-acidosis Lead to Death? - Diabetes 9

Wednesday, October 30, 2019
Illustration of Ketoacidosis, credit to UCSF

Ketone-acidosis is a condition when body accumulates Ketone and blood sugar at very dangerous level. This state leads to blood to be acid, and harmful.

Why Ketone-acidosis is happen? It is because body lack or not enough insulin to be able to break down the sugar for energy.

Then, body uses fat as source of energy. Fat burning produces Ketone (acid) as called Ketone-acidosis.

Type 1 diabetic patients are vulnerable to Ketone-acidosis. If untreated in certain period (long term) could be life threatening, and even causes coma or death. 


It is because excessive acid in blood (due to extremely high Ketone) could cause body system ceases to function well.

The signs of diabetic Ketone-acidosis are:
- Hyperglycemia (higher blood sugar)
- Urination frequently which contains high Ketone level
- Fatigue (feel weakness)
- Unusual thirst
- Dry of skin and mouth
- Vomiting


Ketone-acidosis occurs in Type 1 diabetes patients
(credit to DiabeteStrong)

I make summary how to prevent diabetic Ketone-acidosis for type 1 diabetes patients, written by Mayo Clinic ( 2019):
- Manage diabetes through routine medication, quality diet and do proper exercise.
- Monitor blood sugar daily and maintain to normal range.
- Monitor Ketone level in urine by Ketone test kit.
- Sure, type 1 diabetes patients need to search emergency help as soon as possible if suspect to Ketoacidosis.

Just to let you know that about 30 million people face on diabetic Ketone-acidosis in the USA. 

Reference:
Mayo Clinic. 2019. Diabetic Keoacidosis. Retrieved from Mayo Clinic Org. 

You may like to read:

1) - What is Type 2 Diabetes? - Diabetes 1 | Tanza Erlambang Update


2) - What is the Relationship between Eggs and Diabetes? - Diabetes 2 | Tanza Erlambang Update


3) - Why Pancreas of Type 2 Diabetic Persons Produce Less Insulin? - Diabetes 3 | Tanza Erlambang Update


4) - Could Medicines Affect on Pancreas to Produce Insulin? - Diabetes 4 | Tanza Erlambang Update


5) - Effect of Metabolic on Beta Cells in the Pancreas - Diabetes 5 | Tanza Erlambang Update


6) - How Lipotoxicity Relate to Diabetes? - Diabetes 6 | Tanza Erlambang Update


7) - What is Hypoxia and How Its Relates to Diabetes? - Diabetes 7 | Tanza Erlambang Update


8) - Can Abnormal Blood Sugar Lead to Seizure? - Diabetes 8 | Tanza Erlambang Update

Is a Thermal Camera Sold in Market?

Monday, October 28, 2019
One of thermal camera sold in market from FLIR

I just know that thermal camera cost is affordable now, may be quite late to aware about the price.

We can find price tags from hundred to about two thousand bucks. I think the reasonable price for amateurs like us is around US$ 127 to US$ 499.

Some important thermal camera brands sold in markets are:
- Flir
- Fluke
- Seek
- Perfect-Prime
- Leupold
- Pulsar Helion
- Firefield Nightfall


Thermal camera discovered breast cancer (credit to Sky News)

In case you do not know, thermal camera is a kind of device to detect temperatures which emit from objects.

The hotter temperature, the brighter colors will be the images, vice versa, the cooler represented darker images.

Brighter colors such as yellow, orange and red, while dark colors are black, dark blue and purples.

The objects include:
- human skins (neck, limbs, backs and underlying issues)
- animals or any living skins
- fires inside walls
- overheating comes from electrical wiring

In daily life, the thermal cameras are crucial tools for fire fighters or any rescue teams to save live from low visible (unseen) locations.

You may read article from Sky News recently that a woman shot by thermal camera while walking in the museum in Edinburg, England.

She compared the image with other woman, then she found “strange bright” color from her left breast. 

After detail diagnosed, she discovered early stage breast cancer which highly probability could be stopped by medical surgery.

Do you know about affordable thermal camera and plan to buy it?

Can Reading Books Every Day Make Live Longer?

Thursday, October 24, 2019
Books in a library shelf

We may be read books either some times or every day, but not all of us aware that reading activities have great effect on many things to us.

There are plenty of benefits of reading (books, newspaper, magazine, novel), just for few examples are:
- improve memory
- better health
- improve family relationships (parents and kids)
- better sleep quality
- boosting brain
- improving vocabularies
- lower stress level
- better in empathizing

Reading regularly is similar to do exercises (treadmills, jogging, walking, push ups and riding a bike) or eating quality diets such as fruit and vegetables every day.


A front desk library, just for illustration

Researchers from Yale University observed 3,635 people for certain periods, then divided in 3 groups:
- who does not read books at all
- who reads a book every day
- who read a book for 3 and half hours a week.

After 12 years observation, the researchers found that group of people “who reads a book every day” live longer.

Readers with at least 30 minutes to read a book every day have live two years longer compared to who does not read books at all.

Interesting fact shown that who likes to read everyday mainly come from people with following status:
- female
- higher education (college degree)
- higher income

Do you like to read books or other reading sources? How many hours you read per day?